1. Welcome to this video on Weissenborn #12. This study tests the students’ control over breathing, dynamics, and slow finger motions. I spoke earlier in lesson 9 about where to breathe. If you have not yet viewed that video I encourage you to do so. That video provides information on breathing choices that enhance musical phrases.

2. This study contains the first of many uses of rinsforzando by Weissenborn in his 50 studies. Despite its ample examples in the studies, I have yet to find a student who knows the meaning of the marking. “rFp,”“rF,” or “rFz” is special stress, literally a reinforcing of the note.
2。这课练习是维斯伯恩50课练习中首个涉及到rinsforzando 突强的多种用法。尽管有大量的研究实例,我还没有找到一个学生,知道这些符号的含义。 “rFp,”“rF,”或“rFz” 是特殊的重音,从字面上看是一个加强的音。

3. Weissenborn provides a key to understanding the use of this marking in study 35. Study 35 demonstrates that rinsforzando in the quieter dynamics is similar to sforzando in the louder dynamics. In study 12 the “p” or piano after the “rF” means that the volume should go back to piano (quiet dynamic) after the rinsforzando.

Weissenborn 35


“Garbage in, garbage out (GIGO)”

4. This is an old saying in computer programming. It meant that the quality of information given by a computer program (an app) was only as good as the quality of information given to it. If you give a computer program poor or nonsensical information, it will give out the same poor quality of information.

5. Your output—your musical performances, your health, your conversations with other, the sum total of your life—is directly dependent upon what you are putting in your body, mind, and soul. Be sure to consider carefully what you are viewing, eating, and learning.